Far North Queensland Chinese Heritage Trail

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Cairns is the gateway to the World Heritage listed Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics rainforests. Amongst the early settlers of the region were many Chinese who came to Cairns and Cooktown in the mid-1870s, heading to the Hodgkinson goldfields, located west of Cairns and Cooktown.

After the alluvial gold ran out, many Chinese turned to farming. The Chinese were also involved in bêche de mer (sea cucumber) harvesting and processing. Picturesque Lizard Island, a short flight from Cairns, has stone remnants from these operations.

The Cairns and District Chinese Association holds annual Chinese New Year celebrations in Grafton Street - Cairns Chinatown - once a bustling assortment of shops, dwellings and two temples. Travel north from Cairns, via Port Douglas to Cooktown. Cooktown once had a large Chinese population, with a temple located on Adelaide Street. Temple artefacts are now displayed at the James Cook Historical Museum, while the cemetery includes a Chinese shrine.

The Atherton Tableland circuit will take you to the Hou Wang in Atherton, through farmlands where the Chinese grew maize and down to Innisfail where the Chinese worked in the sugar and banana industries and where you can see the Lit Sing Gung Temple.

Journey Details

Duration
7.75 Hours
Distance
711 Kilometres

Full itinerary

Continue to explore the beauty of the Atherton Tableland. The towns of Malanda and Millaa Millaa both have scenic waterfalls. Descend the range through the thick rainforest towards Innisfail. Pull over at Crawford's Lookout with commanding views of the steep ravine of the Johnstone River on your left. Both Chinese and European prospectors were busy panning for gold here in 1884.

Leaving the forest, the land cleared by Chinese workers in the 1880s-90s is now cultivated with tea and bananas. Cane is grown on the flat land towards Innisfail. Chinese were employed on sugar plantations to the east of Innisfail. Innisfail evolved from a sugar plantation, established by James Fitzgerald in 1880. The Chinese community soon began growing bananas and small crops to supply the new settlement. Boats were built locally in traditional Chinese style and ferried bananas to ships anchored near the town.

The cyclone of March 1918 destroyed most buildings in Innisfail. The town rebuilt in brick or concrete in the architectural style of the time and Innisfail now claims to be the Art Deco capital of Australia. The Lit Sing Gung Chinese temple was damaged and repaired before a new concrete building opened in 1941

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Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type One Way

Lizard Island is situated north east of Cooktown. You can take a one hour flight from Cairns as a day trip, with amazing views of the Great Barrier Reef. Better still; plan a longer stay at the exclusive resort, or camp at Watsons Bay. Snorkel the reefs or explore the island on foot. Delve into the rainforest, or relax on the beach. A short walk inland from Watson's Bay will bring you to the stone ruins of the bêche-de-mer operations.

Reflect on Captain James Cook's opinion of the island when he sheltered here in August 1770: 'There is, perhaps, not a better place on the whole coast....to refresh at than this Island. Climb Cook's Lookout and imagine searching for a passage through the reef to the east.'

Route Details
Mode of Travel Plane
Route Type Return

Cairns is a beautiful tropical city tucked into the foothills of the Atherton Tableland. The Flecker Botanic Gardens are located on a site once occupied by Chinese market gardeners. A Chinese Friendship Garden has been created at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct acknowledging Cairns' sister city relationship with Zhanjiang in the Guangdong Province from where many North Queensland Chinese migrated.

The McLeod Street Pioneer Cemetery has a section of unmarked Chinese burials. The interpretation panels in the rotunda assist in site identification.

Cairns Chinatown in the Central Business District was once a bustling street of shops and businesses, bounded by Sheridan, Shields, Spence and Lake streets, with Sachs (now Grafton) Street in the centre. Residents belonged to different cultural districts from Guangdong province in Southern China. Each group built a temple on either side of Sachs Street.

The Earlville Shopping Centre to the south of Cairns was the site of the Hap Wah plantation, the first in the Cairns district to produce both cotton and sugar. The Hap Wah (joint venture) Company established with 80 Hong Kong investors, employed 60 Chinese workers. The plantation also produced rice. The shopping centre displays a commemorative plaque to the plantation.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type Circuit

The Cairns to Cooktown route travels by the Cook Highway through to Port Douglas, and the Mulligan Highway to Cooktown. The Cook Highway to Port Douglas passes through forest and sandy coves until it reaches the Mowbray River. Travel through the cane fields to Port Douglas Road. The Chinese used to grow rice, maize and bananas here.

Depart Port Douglas, calling in at Mossman Gorge. Continue to Cooktown, where Captain Cook repaired the HMS Endeavour in 1770. Sections of the Cooktown Botanic Gardens were originally occupied by Chinese market gardeners. Cooktown was the port for the Palmer River goldfields in the early 1870s. The Hop Kee Company was landing around a thousand Chinese miners a month at this time. The Chinese community occupied the block bounded by Adelaide, Furneaux, Charlotte and Walker streets. Their temple faced the sea across Adelaide Street. The temple is no longer there, but temple artefacts are housed at James Cook Museum.

At the northern end of the Esplanade, pause at Cooktown's Chinese Monument acknowledging the contribution made by Chinese miners and market gardeners. The Cooktown Cemetery contains numerous Chinese graves and a shrine.

Return to Cairns.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type Return

Depart Cairns, travelling north through Smithfield towards the Tablelands, and enjoy the panoramic coastal views en-route to Kuranda. If you have a spare day, the Kuranda Railway is a spectacular option, returning to Cairns on the Skyrail.

The Atherton Tablelands were opened up by timber getters and tin miners. Landowners employed Chinese to clear the land, later leasing property to them for cultivation.

A short detour via Kairi will take you past the maize silos. The Chinese initiated the maize and peanut industries here, although they were later displaced to provide land for returned WWI soldiers to farm.

The town of Atherton still retains Chinese shops, such as Jue Sue's next to the Grand Hotel. Just south of the town are remarkable remnants of Chinese occupation, including the Hou Wang Temple and the Chinese Museum. A Chinese museum is housed in the old Atherton Post Office, relocated to the entrance of the former Chinatown site.

The Atherton Tableland is a food lovers' haven offering a range of local products, while local artisans produce hand crafted timber products, paintings and jewellery.

Visit remnant volcanoes, crater lakes, waterfalls and amazing strangler fig trees, encapsulated in remnant rain forests.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type One Way

Find what's nearby

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黛恩樹探索中心(Daintree Discovery Centre)

Cow Bay, Douglas Area
From AU$32 - 35
曾經多次獲獎的探索中心(Discovery Centre)坐落在黛恩樹河(Daintree River)北方 10 公里處的雨林中心。 這座中心是造訪此地區的旅客絕對不能錯過的景點,您可以在這裏體驗雨林各個高度的面貌─從雨林底層到最高的樹冠層。 您可以在 23 公尺高的樹冠塔(Canopy Tower)頂端欣賞秀麗的蘭花,如果運氣不錯,還可能有機會一瞥巨蟒纏繞在巨大硬葉槲蕨上。 令人讚嘆的空中

空中雨林纜車(Skyrail Rainforest Cableway)

Smithfield, Cairns Area
From AU$51 - 210
搭乘空中雨林纜車(Skyrail Rainforest Cableway)是相當獨特的雨林體驗:它將引領您尋訪列於澳洲世界遺產的熱帶雨林,展開難忘的旅程。 空中雨林纜車(Skyrail Rainforest Cableway)位於巴倫峽谷國家公園(Barron Gorge National Park),全線搭建於樹冠上方幾公尺處,滑行距離綿延 7.5 公里,並有舒適的六人座車廂,能夠欣賞到各種壯

苦難角(Cape Tribulation)

Cape Tribulation, Douglas Area
苦難角(Cape Tribulation),能讓給您從雨林到海灘,豐富且獨特的體驗。 黛恩樹國家公園(Daintree National Park)擁有綿延不絕的極致美景,您可搭乘快艇,探索大堡礁(Great Barrier Reef),或是划艇前往附近的島嶼。 在人煙罕至的海灘上漫步,看看浮木與貝殼形成的天然雕塑,騎著馬從海灘前往雨林,感受微風輕撫髮絲,或是帶著帳篷前來,如此一來,當您早上睜開眼

黑山(矛地)國家公園(Black Mountain(Kalkajaka)National Park)

Rossville, Cook Area
Free Entry
潮濕的熱帶世界遺產保護區(Wet Tropics World Heritage Area)北端的黑山國家公園(Black Mountain National Park)擁有黑色花崗岩巨石組成的壯觀山脈。 這些跟房屋一般大小的巨大石塊,隨意堆疊在一起 - 顯然違背重力和邏輯。 這個公園位於濕熱帶和乾燥熱帶稀樹草原/林地交界區域,成為野生動物的庇護所。 特殊的植物群和地貌組合成意外眾多種類的野生動物的棲

塔比爾班達根紅樹林木棧道(Tabbil-ban Dhagun Mangrove Boardwalk)(鹽水地(Place of Salt Water))

Nudgee Beach, Brisbane Area
Free Entry
布恩達爾溼地(Boondall Wetlands)位於莫爾頓灣(Moreton Bay)邊緣,納吉海灘(Nudgee Beach)、布恩達爾(Boondall)與尚恩克里夫(Shorncliffe)等地之間。 溼地區涵蓋超過 1000 公頃的潮間帶、紅樹林、鹽沼、白千層、草原、森林和林地。 這條路徑穿過莫爾頓灣(Moreton Bay)海岸上與耐吉溪(Nudgee Creek)河畔的紅樹林。

圖旺(Toowong)

Toowong, Brisbane Area
圖旺(Toowong)是布里斯本(Brisbane)相當著名、受歡迎的郊區,距布里斯本(Brisbane)市中心西方約五分鐘車程。 此郊區位在壯觀的庫莎山(Mount Coot-tha)及蜿蜒的布里斯本河(Brisbane River)北岸之間。 您可在河畔欣賞城市天際線的美麗景色。 圖旺(Toowong)這個城市雖然也有國際化及多元文化的一面,但仍舊保留了昆士蘭(Queensland)有名的友

開恩茲(Cairns)

Cairns, Cairns Area
在被列為世界遺產的大堡礁(World Heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef)以及濕熱帶(Wet Tropics)雨林的心臟地帶,開恩茲(Cairns)充滿了活力脈動。 這裡一天有超過 600 個旅行團,將全年無休的戶外生活風格發展到極致,同時有許多世界級的運動盛事和慶典擁抱這個大都會城市生氣蓬勃的熱帶文化。 受到自然環境的影響而充滿活力,開恩茲(Cairns)是讓

牛仔灣(Cow Bay)

Cow Bay, Douglas Area
牛仔灣(Cow Bay)是通往苦難角(Cape Tribulation)地區、世界文化遺產黛恩樹國家公園(Daintree National Park)、大堡礁(Great Barrier Reef)與熱帶北昆士蘭(North Queensland)庫克鎮(Cooktown)的絕佳通道 - 由開恩茲(Cairns)往北僅兩小時車程。 在這裡住一晚,或順路經過牛仔灣酒吧(Cow Bay Pub)享

萊頓堡國家公園(Fort Lytton National Park)

Lytton, Brisbane Area
From AU$6.45 - 20.20
萊頓堡國家公園(Fort Lytton National Park)負責保護昆士蘭(Queensland)軍事歷史的誕生地。 在 1881 至 1945 年間,這座經典堡壘是昆士蘭(Queensland)防禦活動的焦點所在。 澳洲在 19 世紀曾於海岸興建多處同類堡壘,以抵抗外界入侵;這座保存良好的五角形堡壘,隱蔽在綠草如茵的堤防後方,周圍則環繞滿水的護城河。 參加導覽行程,讓自己沉浸在堡壘的迷

巴倫峽谷國家公園(Barron Gorge National Park)

Kuranda, Mareeba Area
Free Entry
崎嶇蜿蜒的山脈、峽谷、湍急的瀑布、雄偉壯觀的雨林、豐富多樣的野生動物、交通方便和引人入勝的歷史,使巴倫峽谷國家公園(Barron Gorge National Park)成為昆士蘭(Queensland)最受歡迎的國家公園之一。 公園從沿海低窪地區延升至較高的阿瑟頓台地(Atherton Tableland),位於濕熱帶世界遺產保護區(Wet Tropics World Heritage Area)
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