Far North Queensland Chinese Heritage Trail

Multiple Locations

Cairns is the gateway to the World Heritage listed Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics rainforests. Amongst the early settlers of the region were many Chinese who came to Cairns and Cooktown in the mid-1870s, heading to the Hodgkinson goldfields, located west of Cairns and Cooktown.

After the alluvial gold ran out, many Chinese turned to farming. The Chinese were also involved in bêche de mer (sea cucumber) harvesting and processing. Picturesque Lizard Island, a short flight from Cairns, has stone remnants from these operations.

The Cairns and District Chinese Association holds annual Chinese New Year celebrations in Grafton Street - Cairns Chinatown - once a bustling assortment of shops, dwellings and two temples. Travel north from Cairns, via Port Douglas to Cooktown. Cooktown once had a large Chinese population, with a temple located on Adelaide Street. Temple artefacts are now displayed at the James Cook Historical Museum, while the cemetery includes a Chinese shrine.

The Atherton Tableland circuit will take you to the Hou Wang in Atherton, through farmlands where the Chinese grew maize and down to Innisfail where the Chinese worked in the sugar and banana industries and where you can see the Lit Sing Gung Temple.

Journey Details

Duration
7.75 Hours
Distance
711 Kilometres

Full Itinerary

Continue to explore the beauty of the Atherton Tableland. The towns of Malanda and Millaa Millaa both have scenic waterfalls. Descend the range through the thick rainforest towards Innisfail. Pull over at Crawford's Lookout with commanding views of the steep ravine of the Johnstone River on your left. Both Chinese and European prospectors were busy panning for gold here in 1884.

Leaving the forest, the land cleared by Chinese workers in the 1880s-90s is now cultivated with tea and bananas. Cane is grown on the flat land towards Innisfail. Chinese were employed on sugar plantations to the east of Innisfail. Innisfail evolved from a sugar plantation, established by James Fitzgerald in 1880. The Chinese community soon began growing bananas and small crops to supply the new settlement. Boats were built locally in traditional Chinese style and ferried bananas to ships anchored near the town.

The cyclone of March 1918 destroyed most buildings in Innisfail. The town rebuilt in brick or concrete in the architectural style of the time and Innisfail now claims to be the Art Deco capital of Australia. The Lit Sing Gung Chinese temple was damaged and repaired before a new concrete building opened in 1941

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Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type One Way

Lizard Island is situated north east of Cooktown. You can take a one hour flight from Cairns as a day trip, with amazing views of the Great Barrier Reef. Better still; plan a longer stay at the exclusive resort, or camp at Watsons Bay. Snorkel the reefs or explore the island on foot. Delve into the rainforest, or relax on the beach. A short walk inland from Watson's Bay will bring you to the stone ruins of the bêche-de-mer operations.

Reflect on Captain James Cook's opinion of the island when he sheltered here in August 1770: 'There is, perhaps, not a better place on the whole coast....to refresh at than this Island. Climb Cook's Lookout and imagine searching for a passage through the reef to the east.'

Route Details
Mode of Travel Plane
Route Type Return

Cairns is a beautiful tropical city tucked into the foothills of the Atherton Tableland. The Flecker Botanic Gardens are located on a site once occupied by Chinese market gardeners. A Chinese Friendship Garden has been created at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct acknowledging Cairns' sister city relationship with Zhanjiang in the Guangdong Province from where many North Queensland Chinese migrated.

The McLeod Street Pioneer Cemetery has a section of unmarked Chinese burials. The interpretation panels in the rotunda assist in site identification.

Cairns Chinatown in the Central Business District was once a bustling street of shops and businesses, bounded by Sheridan, Shields, Spence and Lake streets, with Sachs (now Grafton) Street in the centre. Residents belonged to different cultural districts from Guangdong province in Southern China. Each group built a temple on either side of Sachs Street.

The Earlville Shopping Centre to the south of Cairns was the site of the Hap Wah plantation, the first in the Cairns district to produce both cotton and sugar. The Hap Wah (joint venture) Company established with 80 Hong Kong investors, employed 60 Chinese workers. The plantation also produced rice. The shopping centre displays a commemorative plaque to the plantation.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type Circuit

The Cairns to Cooktown route travels by the Cook Highway through to Port Douglas, and the Mulligan Highway to Cooktown. The Cook Highway to Port Douglas passes through forest and sandy coves until it reaches the Mowbray River. Travel through the cane fields to Port Douglas Road. The Chinese used to grow rice, maize and bananas here.

Depart Port Douglas, calling in at Mossman Gorge. Continue to Cooktown, where Captain Cook repaired the HMS Endeavour in 1770. Sections of the Cooktown Botanic Gardens were originally occupied by Chinese market gardeners. Cooktown was the port for the Palmer River goldfields in the early 1870s. The Hop Kee Company was landing around a thousand Chinese miners a month at this time. The Chinese community occupied the block bounded by Adelaide, Furneaux, Charlotte and Walker streets. Their temple faced the sea across Adelaide Street. The temple is no longer there, but temple artefacts are housed at James Cook Museum.

At the northern end of the Esplanade, pause at Cooktown's Chinese Monument acknowledging the contribution made by Chinese miners and market gardeners. The Cooktown Cemetery contains numerous Chinese graves and a shrine.

Return to Cairns.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type Return

Depart Cairns, travelling north through Smithfield towards the Tablelands, and enjoy the panoramic coastal views en-route to Kuranda. If you have a spare day, the Kuranda Railway is a spectacular option, returning to Cairns on the Skyrail.

The Atherton Tablelands were opened up by timber getters and tin miners. Landowners employed Chinese to clear the land, later leasing property to them for cultivation.

A short detour via Kairi will take you past the maize silos. The Chinese initiated the maize and peanut industries here, although they were later displaced to provide land for returned WWI soldiers to farm.

The town of Atherton still retains Chinese shops, such as Jue Sue's next to the Grand Hotel. Just south of the town are remarkable remnants of Chinese occupation, including the Hou Wang Temple and the Chinese Museum. A Chinese museum is housed in the old Atherton Post Office, relocated to the entrance of the former Chinatown site.

The Atherton Tableland is a food lovers' haven offering a range of local products, while local artisans produce hand crafted timber products, paintings and jewellery.

Visit remnant volcanoes, crater lakes, waterfalls and amazing strangler fig trees, encapsulated in remnant rain forests.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type One Way

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Pacific Fair Skate Fest 2018

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
Free Entry
15 – 28 January 2018
Skate Fest 2018 offers kids aged five and above a few cool ways to get started with skateboarding these school holidays at Pacific Fair. Book them into the Skate Skool where there team from Stoke Skateboarding will teach beginners to experienced board riders all the tricks you need to know to have you skating on your own.

Gold Coast Food and Wine Expo

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
From AU$5.00 - 95.00
19 January 2018
The Food and Wine Expo is an annual 3-Day event dedicated to Celebrity Chefs, Food and Wine, Cheese, Cocktails and everything Gourmet! Indulge in the Celebrity Dining Room, watch Masterchef and MKR fa

The Greatest Love of All - The Whitney Houston Show

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
From AU$69.90 - 69.90
3 February 2018
Showtime Australia will present the critically acclaimed live production, The Greatest Love of All - The Whitney Houston Show across Australia in January and February. A beautifully crafted tribute, the show will honour the talent, music and memory of one of the world’s most revered singers.

2018 CMC Music Awards

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
From AU$99 - 250
15 March 2018
The 2018 CMC Music Awards are back and are the hottest ticket for Australia's country music fans! Get up-close and personal to your favourite local and international country music stars LIVE on stage at the 2018 CMC Music Awards on the Gold Coast, hosted by The McClymonts.

Gold Coast Commonwealth Games Basketball - Gold Coast Finals

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
From AU$15 - 80
13 – 15 April 2018
Individual athleticism and skill, combined with teamwork and tactics will have Basketball crowds cheering and chanting all over Queensland. With four captivating quarters of end-to end action each match, spectators will witness sporting entertainment like nothing else.

Gold Coast Superhero Weekend

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
Free Entry
27 – 29 April 2018
Are you just a Superhero in disguise? Mark the calendar, because Gold Coast Superhero Weekend is heading to Broadbeach. This supercharged weekend will include the Supanova Pop Culture Expo, Gold Coast Film Festival and a ton of action packed events for the young and the young at heart.

Blues on Broadbeach Music Festival

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
Free Entry
18 – 20 May 2018
The Blues on Broadbeach Music Festival hosts free international and Australian talent annually across 20 outdoor stages and venues throughout Broadbeach on the Gold Coast, May 17 to 20, 2018. The free event, staged in the streets, parks and venues of Broadbeach over four huge days, throughout the popular Gold Coast hub will also feature plenty of talent from all genres of Blues music and is unique in its location with access to plenty of accommodation, dining, retail options.

Stomp

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
31 May 2018
The New York, West End and international sensation Stomp is back, and it's better than ever! Following sell-out previous seasons, Stomp heads to Australia with its unstoppable energy and 'pure stage magic'.

Groundwater Country Music Festival

Broadbeach, Gold Coast Area
Free Entry
27 – 29 July 2018
Groundwater Country Music Festival is a free to attend festival hosted in Broadbeach on the Gold Coast with international and Australian artists headlining. The event is set on stages in the streets and parks of Broadbeach next to the beach.

Burleigh Barbecue Championships

Miami, Gold Coast Area
Free Entry
25 – 26 August 2018
It’s not fog you’ll see rising over Burleigh…it will be smoke from 50 of Australia’s best barbecue competition teams battling it out for the highest honour in the annual Burleigh Barbecue Championships.
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