Far North Queensland Chinese Heritage Trail

Multiple Locations

Cairns is the gateway to the World Heritage listed Great Barrier Reef and the Wet Tropics rainforests. Amongst the early settlers of the region were many Chinese who came to Cairns and Cooktown in the mid-1870s, heading to the Hodgkinson goldfields, located west of Cairns and Cooktown.

After the alluvial gold ran out, many Chinese turned to farming. The Chinese were also involved in bêche de mer (sea cucumber) harvesting and processing. Picturesque Lizard Island, a short flight from Cairns, has stone remnants from these operations.

The Cairns and District Chinese Association holds annual Chinese New Year celebrations in Grafton Street - Cairns Chinatown - once a bustling assortment of shops, dwellings and two temples. Travel north from Cairns, via Port Douglas to Cooktown. Cooktown once had a large Chinese population, with a temple located on Adelaide Street. Temple artefacts are now displayed at the James Cook Historical Museum, while the cemetery includes a Chinese shrine.

The Atherton Tableland circuit will take you to the Hou Wang in Atherton, through farmlands where the Chinese grew maize and down to Innisfail where the Chinese worked in the sugar and banana industries and where you can see the Lit Sing Gung Temple.

Journey Details

Duration
7.75 Hours
Distance
711 Kilometres

Full itinerary

Continue to explore the beauty of the Atherton Tableland. The towns of Malanda and Millaa Millaa both have scenic waterfalls. Descend the range through the thick rainforest towards Innisfail. Pull over at Crawford's Lookout with commanding views of the steep ravine of the Johnstone River on your left. Both Chinese and European prospectors were busy panning for gold here in 1884.

Leaving the forest, the land cleared by Chinese workers in the 1880s-90s is now cultivated with tea and bananas. Cane is grown on the flat land towards Innisfail. Chinese were employed on sugar plantations to the east of Innisfail. Innisfail evolved from a sugar plantation, established by James Fitzgerald in 1880. The Chinese community soon began growing bananas and small crops to supply the new settlement. Boats were built locally in traditional Chinese style and ferried bananas to ships anchored near the town.

The cyclone of March 1918 destroyed most buildings in Innisfail. The town rebuilt in brick or concrete in the architectural style of the time and Innisfail now claims to be the Art Deco capital of Australia. The Lit Sing Gung Chinese temple was damaged and repaired before a new concrete building opened in 1941

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Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type One Way

Lizard Island is situated north east of Cooktown. You can take a one hour flight from Cairns as a day trip, with amazing views of the Great Barrier Reef. Better still; plan a longer stay at the exclusive resort, or camp at Watsons Bay. Snorkel the reefs or explore the island on foot. Delve into the rainforest, or relax on the beach. A short walk inland from Watson's Bay will bring you to the stone ruins of the bêche-de-mer operations.

Reflect on Captain James Cook's opinion of the island when he sheltered here in August 1770: 'There is, perhaps, not a better place on the whole coast....to refresh at than this Island. Climb Cook's Lookout and imagine searching for a passage through the reef to the east.'

Route Details
Mode of Travel Plane
Route Type Return

Cairns is a beautiful tropical city tucked into the foothills of the Atherton Tableland. The Flecker Botanic Gardens are located on a site once occupied by Chinese market gardeners. A Chinese Friendship Garden has been created at Freshwater Lakes in the Cairns Botanic Garden precinct acknowledging Cairns' sister city relationship with Zhanjiang in the Guangdong Province from where many North Queensland Chinese migrated.

The McLeod Street Pioneer Cemetery has a section of unmarked Chinese burials. The interpretation panels in the rotunda assist in site identification.

Cairns Chinatown in the Central Business District was once a bustling street of shops and businesses, bounded by Sheridan, Shields, Spence and Lake streets, with Sachs (now Grafton) Street in the centre. Residents belonged to different cultural districts from Guangdong province in Southern China. Each group built a temple on either side of Sachs Street.

The Earlville Shopping Centre to the south of Cairns was the site of the Hap Wah plantation, the first in the Cairns district to produce both cotton and sugar. The Hap Wah (joint venture) Company established with 80 Hong Kong investors, employed 60 Chinese workers. The plantation also produced rice. The shopping centre displays a commemorative plaque to the plantation.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type Circuit

The Cairns to Cooktown route travels by the Cook Highway through to Port Douglas, and the Mulligan Highway to Cooktown. The Cook Highway to Port Douglas passes through forest and sandy coves until it reaches the Mowbray River. Travel through the cane fields to Port Douglas Road. The Chinese used to grow rice, maize and bananas here.

Depart Port Douglas, calling in at Mossman Gorge. Continue to Cooktown, where Captain Cook repaired the HMS Endeavour in 1770. Sections of the Cooktown Botanic Gardens were originally occupied by Chinese market gardeners. Cooktown was the port for the Palmer River goldfields in the early 1870s. The Hop Kee Company was landing around a thousand Chinese miners a month at this time. The Chinese community occupied the block bounded by Adelaide, Furneaux, Charlotte and Walker streets. Their temple faced the sea across Adelaide Street. The temple is no longer there, but temple artefacts are housed at James Cook Museum.

At the northern end of the Esplanade, pause at Cooktown's Chinese Monument acknowledging the contribution made by Chinese miners and market gardeners. The Cooktown Cemetery contains numerous Chinese graves and a shrine.

Return to Cairns.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type Return

Depart Cairns, travelling north through Smithfield towards the Tablelands, and enjoy the panoramic coastal views en-route to Kuranda. If you have a spare day, the Kuranda Railway is a spectacular option, returning to Cairns on the Skyrail.

The Atherton Tablelands were opened up by timber getters and tin miners. Landowners employed Chinese to clear the land, later leasing property to them for cultivation.

A short detour via Kairi will take you past the maize silos. The Chinese initiated the maize and peanut industries here, although they were later displaced to provide land for returned WWI soldiers to farm.

The town of Atherton still retains Chinese shops, such as Jue Sue's next to the Grand Hotel. Just south of the town are remarkable remnants of Chinese occupation, including the Hou Wang Temple and the Chinese Museum. A Chinese museum is housed in the old Atherton Post Office, relocated to the entrance of the former Chinatown site.

The Atherton Tableland is a food lovers' haven offering a range of local products, while local artisans produce hand crafted timber products, paintings and jewellery.

Visit remnant volcanoes, crater lakes, waterfalls and amazing strangler fig trees, encapsulated in remnant rain forests.

Route Details
Mode of Travel Car
Route Type One Way

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Wildlife of Australia's Rainforests

Daintree, Cairns Area
From AU$2055 - 3910
Quarterly from 18 – 24 March 2018
The wet tropics of northern Queensland are the last remaining part of the huge forest that once dominated half of Australia. This lush landscape is home to species like cassowaries, parrots, pythons, possums, tree kangaroos, and primitive-looking reptiles, many of which live nowhere else in the world.

Port Douglas Race Week

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
13 May 2018
Port Douglas Yacht Club proudly presents the 2018 Port Douglas Race Week, and invites all yachts to join them for a week of Sailing, Food and Fun. They are fortunate to enjoy one of the best playgrounds for their sport that nature could provide and this year they will be hosting a huge array of events all to be sailed on the beautiful waters of the Coral Sea off Port Douglas.

Rouge The Show - Wonderland Spiegeltent - Port Douglas Carnivale

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
From AU$55.00 - 720.00
18 May 2018
Wonderland Spiegeltent is showcasing Rouge The Show to Port Douglas Carnivale 2018. Rouge is a decadent blend of sensational acrobatics, operatic cabaret and tongue in cheek burlesque. This is a non-stop celebration of the astonishing, the surprising and the downright sexy, Rouge is circus for grown ups.

Circus Wonderland - Wonderland Spiegeltent - Port Douglas Carnivale

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
From AU$30.00 - 35.00
24 May 2018
Wonderland Spiegeltent is proud to present Circus Wonderland at Port Douglas Carnivale. The spectacle, spangles and intrigue of an old time travelling circus era. Step right up to see the unique, amazing and astounding circus stars of Circus Wonderland where the strongman, contortionist, acrobats and the gypsy come to Port Douglas bringing a thrilling and hilarious circus spectacular for the whole family!

Reef to Reef MTB

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
24 – 27 May 2018
For four days in early August, Reef to Reef brings mountain biking goodness to the home of the one of the worlds most famed and fabled natural playgrounds. Around 200 kilometres of riding and 4000 metres of climbing on the kind of trails and scenery you normally only read or dream about.

Port Douglas Carnivale

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
25 – 27 May 2018
Port Douglas Carnivale is an annual celebration of the tropics where you can " Watch. Dance. Play" in nature's playground over four days and nights of fabulous events and activities. Port Douglas Carnivale features local and international performers and producers showcasing the region's spectacular tropical lifestyle and location.

Cycle Queensland Adventure Tour - Daintree to Cairns

Daintree, Cairns Area
1 September 2018
Discover the tropics from Daintree to Cairns via the Atherton Tablelands as part of an all-inclusive event offering food, entertainment and so much more! Ride through the World Heritage listed Daintree Rainforest, spend a night in Port Douglas where the rainforest meets the reef, enjoy an afternoon swim at Lake Eacham, and savour a picnic beside the serene Millaa Millaa Falls.

Taste Port Douglas

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
From AU$0 - 150
15 – 16 September 2018
Taste Port Douglas is Far North Queensland's annual premier food, beverage and restaurant festival. Long regarded as one of the best holiday destinations in the country, Port Douglas is also considered the culinary highlight of the region, home to a thriving restaurant and food industry.

Port Shorts Film Festival

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
26 – 27 October 2018
Port Shorts Incorporated is dedicated to promoting screen culture and Port Douglas and Daintree as a destination and potential film location with the Port Shorts Film Festival. The Port Shorts Film Festival has been developed to showcase the best emerging filmmakers in Australia, attract film enthusiasts to the destination, promote Port Douglas as a premier location far film enthusiasts and provide pathways for participants to further develop their careers in the Australian film industry.

Tropical Journeys Great Barrier Reef Marathon Festival

Port Douglas, Douglas Area
From AU$30 - 190
28 October 2018
The Tropical Journeys Great Barrier Reef Marathon Festival is the largest marathon and running event in Tropical North Queensland, attracting over 5,000 participants and spectators from all around Australia and 13 different countries.
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Note: Information on listed products and services are provided by the operator and were correct at the time of publishing. Rates are indicative based on the minimum and maximum available prices of products and services. Please visit the operator’s website for further information. All prices quoted are in Australian dollars (AUD).