Australian Animal Facts

Animal Fun Facts Infographic

Australian Animal Facts 

Dingo 
  • Only 5% of their communication involves barking – the rest is growling (65%) and howling (30%).
  • Fraser Island is thought home to the “purest” strain of dingos and most closely related to the originals.
  • Dingos have a prominent role in the culture of aboriginal Australians, and have been depicted on rock carvings and cave paintings dating as far back as 4,000 years ago.
  • Largest terrestrial predator in Australia.
Greater Bilby
  • Like koalas, bilbies don’t need to drink water – they get all of their moisture from the food they eat. 
  • National Bilby Day is held in Australia on the second Sunday in September to raise funds for conservation.
Echidna 
  • The oldest surviving mammal on the planet

Platypus

  • The platypus has 40,000 electroreceptors on its bill that allow it to find food, as folds of skin cover their eyes and ears to prevent water from entering, and the nostrils close with a watertight seal when they dive.
  • When European settlers discovered the Platypus, it was so baffling they thought it was a hoax!
Crocodiles
  • Ancient form of life with fossils from as far back as 200 million years ago!
  • Largest of all living reptiles 
  • Nest temperature determines the sex of the babies… below 32C = F / 32-33C = M
Green Sea Turtles
  • Swim thousands of kilometres to return to the same beach spawning grounds where they hatched to lay their eggs.
  • Their common name isn’t from their outside colour, but the colour of the fat under their carapace.
  • One of the first sea turtle species studied, much of what is known of sea turtle ecology comes from green sea turtle studies.
  • Green Sea Turtles have heads that cannot retract into their bodies, a trait commonly associated with turtles.
Red Kangaroo
  • The largest of all kangaroos.
  • Females are usually continuously pregnant with the exception of the day their joeys are born.
  • Males can leap 8 to 9 metres long and 2 to 3 metres high in one leap.
  • Kangaroos are adept swimmers, and often flee into waterways if threatened by predators.
  • Kangaroos legs cannot move independently of one another, so they must hop everywhere.
Sulphur Crested Cockatoo
  • A study found that cockatoos are capable of synchronizing movement to a musical beat
  • The cockatoo has evolved a defence to protect against predator attacks while feeding on the ground.  Whenever a flock is on the ground, there is at least one high up in a tree keeping watch. This habit was cause for the term Cocky to enter Australian slang meaning: a person keeping guard for sudden police raids on illegal gambling gatherings.
Koala
  • Closest living relative is the wombat.
  • Sleep up to 20 hours a day.
  • The koala has one of the smallest brains in proportion to body weight of any mammal.
Laughing Kookaburra
  • The Kookaburra’s early dawn and dusk cackling chorus earned it the nickname “bushman’s clock”
  • One of the most famous Australian melodies is sung about the Kookaburra
Cassowary
  • Cassowaries are very shy, but when provoked, they are capable of inflicting injuries, occasionally fatal, to dogs and people.
  • The Cassowary plays a key role in rainforest revegetation, passing seeds from the fruit that they eat, unharmed, in their dung, thus dispersing the seeds over large areas and in some cases germinating the seeds for future growth.
  • Cassowary eggs are incubated by the male for about 50 days, who alone guards and then raises the chicks. 
Tree Kangaroo
  • Expert leapers that can jump to the ground from 18 metres or more without being hurt.
Common Wombat
  • Female wombats have a backwards-facing pouch so that dirt does not gather in it or over its young while she is digging her burrows.
  • Wombats teeth grow continuously to accommodate the wear of their fibrous diet of grasses, herbs, bark and roots.

Aussie Animal Facts Infographics